Infusion-Related Reactions (IRRs)
In the SUSTAIN clinical trial, IRRs (occurring during/within 24 hours of infusion) were observed in 2 (3%) patients treated with ADAKVEO
ADAKVEO® (crizanlizumab-tmca) is indicated to reduce the frequency of vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs) in adults and pediatric patients, aged 16 years and older, with sickle cell disease.
Infusion-Related Reactions (IRRs)
In the SUSTAIN clinical trial, IRRs (occurring during/within 24 hours of infusion) were observed in 2 (3%) patients treated with ADAKVEO 5 mg/kg. Postmarketing cases of IRRs, including severe pain events requiring hospitalizations, have been reported. The majority of these IRRs occurred during the first and second infusions. The management of pain events included acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, antihistamines, intravenous fluids, and/or oxygen therapy. Some patients have also experienced subsequent complications such as acute chest syndrome and fat embolism, particularly those treated with steroids.
Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of IRRs, which may include pain in various locations, headache, fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, dizziness, pruritus, urticaria, sweating, or shortness of breath or wheezing.
For severe IRRs, discontinue infusion, institute appropriate medical care, and consider permanent discontinuation of ADAKVEO. For mild or moderate IRRs, temporarily interrupt or slow the rate of infusion and initiate symptomatic treatment. For subsequent infusions, consider premedication and/or reduce the infusion rate.
Exercise caution with corticosteroids in patients with sickle cell disease unless clinically indicated (eg, treatment of anaphylaxis).
Laboratory Test Interference (Platelet Counts)
Interference with automated platelet counts (platelet clumping) has been observed following administration of ADAKVEO, in particular, when blood samples were collected in tubes containing EDTA.
Run blood samples within 4 hours of blood collection or collect blood samples in tubes containing citrate. When needed, estimate platelet count via peripheral blood smear.
Based on animal data, ADAKVEO has the potential to cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. ADAKVEO should only be used during pregnancy if the expected benefit to the patient justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Most Common Adverse Reactions
The most frequently reported adverse reactions (≥10%) in patients treated with ADAKVEO were nausea (18%), arthralgia (18%), back pain (15%), abdominal pain (12%), and pyrexia (11%).
Other Clinically Important Adverse Reactions
Clinically relevant adverse reactions (all grades) that were reported in <10% of patients treated with ADAKVEO included: oropharyngeal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, pruritus (pruritus and vulvovaginal pruritus), musculoskeletal chest pain, myalgia, infusion-site reaction (infusion-site extravasation, infusion-site pain, and infusion-site swelling), and infusion-related reaction.
Please see accompanying full Prescribing Information.
References: 1. Adakveo [prescribing information]. East Hanover, NJ: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp; 2021. 2. Ataga KI, Kutlar A, Kanter J, et al. Crizanlizumab for the prevention of pain crises in sickle cell disease. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(5):429-439. 3. Data on file. Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp; July 2013.
VOC, vaso-occlusive crisis; HL, Hodges-Lehmann; CI, confidence interval; FDA, US Food and Drug Administration; ER, emergency room.