PIQRAY® (alpelisib) tablets is contraindicated in patients with severe hypersensitivity to it or any of its components. Severe Hypersensitivity: Severe hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphy...
About PIK3CA Mutations
PIK3CA is the most commonly mutated gene in HR+/HER2- aBC2
PIQRAY® (alpelisib) tablets Mechanism of Action Video
Watch the video to learn more about PIQRAY's mechanism of action.
PIQRAY is a potent and selective inhibitor of PI3Kα.3,4
PIQRAY inhibits the α isoform of PI3K 50 times more potently than other PI3K isoforms (β, γ, δ).4
Based on in vitro/in vivo studies. Preclinical activity does not necessarily correlate with clinical outcomes.
PIQRAY and fulvestrant work synergistically to inhibit both the PI3K and ER pathways3
AKT, protein kinase B; ER, estrogen receptor; PI3Kα, α-isoform of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase.
Why Testing Is Critical
Knowledge of PIK3CA mutation status can inform an up-front treatment plan
PIK3CA mutation testing is a critical component of aBC management.
References: 1. Mosele F, Stefanovska B, Lusque A, et al. Outcome and molecular landscape of patients with PIK3CA-mutated metastatic breast cancer. Ann Oncol. 2020;31(3):377-386. 2. The Cancer Genome Atlas Network. Comprehensive molecular portraits of human breast tumours. Nature. 2012;490(7418):61-70. 3. Piqray [prescribing information]. East Hanover, NJ: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp; 2021. 4. Data on file. Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp; 2021. 5. Chalhoub C, Baker SJ. PTEN and the PI3-kinase pathway in cancer. Annu Rev Pathol. 2009;4:127-150. 6. Referenced with permission from the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Breast Cancer V.5.2021. © National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. 2021. All rights reserved. Accessed July 9, 2021. To view the most recent and complete version of the guideline, go online to NCCN.org.
NCCN makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever regarding their content, use, or application and disclaims any responsibility for their application or use in any way.
PIQRAY® (alpelisib) tablets is indicated in combination with fulvestrant for the treatment of postmenopausal women, and men, with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, PIK3CA-mutated, advanced or metastatic breast cancer as detected by an FDA-approved test following progression on or after an endocrine-based regimen.
Important Safety Information
PIQRAY is contraindicated in patients with severe hypersensitivity to it or any of its components.
Severe Hypersensitivity: Severe hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock, can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. Severe hypersensitivity reactions were manifested by symptoms including, but not limited to, dyspnea, flushing, rash, fever, or tachycardia. The incidence of grade 3 and 4 hypersensitivity reactions was 0.7%. Advise patients of the signs and symptoms of severe hypersensitivity reactions. Permanently discontinue PIQRAY in the event of severe hypersensitivity.
Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions (SCARs): SCARs, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), erythema multiforme (EM), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. In the SOLAR-1 study, SJS and EM were reported in 0.4% and 1.1% of patients, respectively. DRESS was reported in patients in the postmarketing setting. If signs or symptoms of SCARs occur, interrupt PIQRAY until the etiology of the reaction has been determined. Consultation with a dermatologist is recommended.
If a SCAR is confirmed, permanently discontinue PIQRAY. Do not reintroduce PIQRAY in patients who have experienced previous SCARs during PIQRAY treatment. If it is not confirmed, PIQRAY may require dose modifications, topical corticosteroids, or oral antihistamine treatment.
Advise patients of the signs and symptoms of SCARs (eg, a prodrome of fever, flu-like symptoms, mucosal lesions, progressive skin rash, or lymphadenopathy).
Hyperglycemia: Severe hyperglycemia, in some cases associated with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic syndrome (HHNKS) or ketoacidosis has occurred in patients treated with PIQRAY. Some fatal cases of ketoacidosis have occurred in the postmarketing setting.
Hyperglycemia was reported in 65% of patients treated with PIQRAY. Grade 3 (FPG >250-500 mg/dL) and grade 4 (FPG >500 mg/dL) hyperglycemia were reported in 33% and 3.9% of patients, respectively. Ketoacidosis was reported in 0.7% of patients (n=2) treated with PIQRAY.
Before initiating treatment with PIQRAY, test fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, and optimize blood glucose. After initiating treatment, monitor fasting glucose (FPG or fasting blood glucose) at least once every week for the first 2 weeks, then at least once every 4 weeks, and as clinically indicated. Monitor HbA1c every 3 months and as clinically indicated. Monitor fasting glucose more frequently for the first few weeks during treatment in patients with risk factors for hyperglycemia such as obesity (BMI ≥30), elevated FPG, HbA1c at the upper limit of normal or above, use of concomitant systemic corticosteroids, or age ≥75.
If a patient experiences hyperglycemia after initiating treatment, monitor fasting glucose as clinically indicated, and at least twice weekly until fasting glucose decreases to normal levels. During treatment with anti-hyperglycemic medication, continue monitoring fasting glucose at least once a week for 8 weeks, followed by once every 2 weeks and as clinically indicated. Consider consultation with a health care practitioner with expertise in the treatment of hyperglycemia and counsel patients on lifestyle changes.
The safety of PIQRAY in patients with type 1 and uncontrolled type 2 diabetes has not been established as these patients were excluded from the SOLAR-1 trial. Patients with a medical history of controlled type 2 diabetes were included. Patients with a history of diabetes mellitus may require intensified diabetic treatment. Closely monitor patients with diabetes.
Based on the severity of the hyperglycemia, PIQRAY may require dose interruption, reduction, or discontinuation. Advise patients of the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia (eg, excessive thirst, urinating more often than usual or higher amount of urine than usual, or increased appetite with weight loss).
Pneumonitis: Severe pneumonitis, including acute interstitial pneumonitis and interstitial lung disease, can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. Pneumonitis was reported in 1.8% of patients treated with PIQRAY.
In patients who have new or worsening respiratory symptoms or are suspected to have developed pneumonitis, interrupt PIQRAY immediately and evaluate the patient for pneumonitis. Consider a diagnosis of noninfectious pneumonitis in patients presenting with nonspecific respiratory signs and symptoms such as hypoxia, cough, dyspnea, or interstitial infiltrates on radiologic exams and in whom infectious, neoplastic, and other causes have been excluded by means of appropriate investigations.
Permanently discontinue PIQRAY in all patients with confirmed pneumonitis. Advise patients to immediately report new or worsening respiratory symptoms.
Diarrhea: Severe diarrhea, including dehydration and acute kidney injury, can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. Most patients (58%) experienced diarrhea during treatment with PIQRAY. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 7% (n=19) of patients. Based on the severity of the diarrhea, PIQRAY may require dose interruption, reduction, or discontinuation. Advise patients to start antidiarrheal treatment, increase oral fluids, and notify their health care provider if diarrhea occurs while taking PIQRAY.
Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Based on findings in animals and its mechanism of action, PIQRAY can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with PIQRAY and for 1 week after the last dose. Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use condoms and effective contraception during treatment with PIQRAY and for 1 week after the last dose. Refer to the full Prescribing Information of fulvestrant for pregnancy and contraception information.
The most common adverse reactions (all grades, incidence ≥20%) were diarrhea (58%), rash (52%), nausea (45%), fatigue (42%), decreased appetite (36%), stomatitis (30%), vomiting (27%), weight decreased (27%), and alopecia (20%). The most common grade 3/4 adverse reactions (incidence ≥2%) were rash (20%), diarrhea (7%), fatigue (5%), weight decreased (3.9%), nausea (2.5%), stomatitis (2.5%), and mucosal inflammation (2.1%).
The most common laboratory abnormalities (all grades, incidence ≥20%) were glucose increased (79%), creatinine increased (67%), lymphocyte count decreased (52%), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) increased (52%), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased (44%), hemoglobin decreased (42%), lipase increased (42%), calcium decreased (27%), glucose decreased (26%), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prolonged (21%). The most common grade 3/4 laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥5%) were glucose increased (39%), GGT increased (11%), lymphocyte count decreased (8%), lipase increased (7%), and potassium decreased (6%).
Please see full Prescribing Information.