PIQRAY® (alpelisib) tablets is contraindicated in patients with severe hypersensitivity to it or any of its components. Severe Hypersensitivity: Severe hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphy...
PIQRAY® (alpelisib) tablets Clinical Data
Hear from Dr Sramila Aithal
Watch Dr Sramila Aithal, Chief of Medical Oncology and Director for Breast Center of Excellence at Cancer Treatment Centers of America, explain why she picks hope by knowing there is a specific treatment for her patients with HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer with a PIK3CA mutation.
Learn from Medical Experts Video
Learn about the clinical results of PIQRAY from Dr Joyce O’Shaughnessy and other medical experts.
Efficacy & Safety
Learn about PIQRAY study results and what they mean to both oncologists and their patients in this roundtable discussion between Dr Dejan Juric, Dr Jules Cohen, Dr Mohammad Jahanzeb, and Dr Chaitali Nangia.
Managing Patients on PIQRAY
Learn from Dr Dejan Juric, Dr Jules Cohen, and Dr Chaitali Nangia on how to manage patients during PIQRAY treatment.
PIQRAY Patient Journey
Hear from Dr Stephen Malamud and Dr Aixa Soyano about a patient's disease history, metastatic diagnosis, and treatment with PIQRAY.
Learn About Patient Management
Dr Dejan Juric, Director of the Termeer Center for Targeted Therapies and Program Director of the Investigational Cancer Therapeutics Program at the Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses important management information for patients on PIQRAY. Watch the video to learn more.
With our panel of oncologists, explore the insights into hyperglycemia events during PIQRAY treatment and learn recommendations in hyperglycemia monitoring and management. Dr Dejan Juric discusses recommendations in management of hyperglycemia with Dr Jules Cohen, Dr Mohammad Jahanzeb, and Dr Chaitali Nangia.
PIK3CA Mutations & Testing
Hear from Dr Gregory Vidal
Watch Dr Gregory Vidal, a medical oncologist at the West Cancer Center and Research Institute, discuss the importance of knowing a patient’s mutation status when choosing a treatment option that is right for them.
View an expert discussion about why PIK3CA mutations matter in HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer patients. Dr Dejan Juric discusses mutations with Dr Jules Cohen and Dr Chaitali Nangia.
PIQRAY Mechanism of Action Video
PIQRAY specifically addresses PIK3CA mutations.1 Learn more about the PIQRAY mechanism of action.
Based on in vitro/in vivo studies. Preclinical activity does not necessarily correlate with clinical outcomes.
Discover the ins and outs of PIK3CA mutation testing to identify HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer eligible patients for biomarker-driven therapy with PIQRAY. This video features a roundtable discussion with Dr Dejan Juric, Dr Jules Cohen, and Dr Chaitali Nangia.
Reference: 1. Piqray [prescribing information]. East Hanover, NJ: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp; 2021.
PIQRAY® (alpelisib) tablets is indicated in combination with fulvestrant for the treatment of postmenopausal women, and men, with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, PIK3CA-mutated, advanced or metastatic breast cancer as detected by an FDA-approved test following progression on or after an endocrine-based regimen.
Important Safety Information
PIQRAY is contraindicated in patients with severe hypersensitivity to it or any of its components.
Severe Hypersensitivity: Severe hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock, can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. Severe hypersensitivity reactions were manifested by symptoms including, but not limited to, dyspnea, flushing, rash, fever, or tachycardia. The incidence of grade 3 and 4 hypersensitivity reactions was 0.7%. Advise patients of the signs and symptoms of severe hypersensitivity reactions. Permanently discontinue PIQRAY in the event of severe hypersensitivity.
Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions (SCARs): SCARs, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), erythema multiforme (EM), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. In the SOLAR-1 study, SJS and EM were reported in 0.4% and 1.1% of patients, respectively. DRESS was reported in patients in the postmarketing setting. If signs or symptoms of SCARs occur, interrupt PIQRAY until the etiology of the reaction has been determined. Consultation with a dermatologist is recommended.
If a SCAR is confirmed, permanently discontinue PIQRAY. Do not reintroduce PIQRAY in patients who have experienced previous SCARs during PIQRAY treatment. If it is not confirmed, PIQRAY may require dose modifications, topical corticosteroids, or oral antihistamine treatment.
Advise patients of the signs and symptoms of SCARs (eg, a prodrome of fever, flu-like symptoms, mucosal lesions, progressive skin rash, or lymphadenopathy).
Hyperglycemia: Severe hyperglycemia, in some cases associated with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic syndrome (HHNKS) or ketoacidosis has occurred in patients treated with PIQRAY. Some fatal cases of ketoacidosis have occurred in the postmarketing setting.
Hyperglycemia was reported in 65% of patients treated with PIQRAY. Grade 3 (FPG >250-500 mg/dL) and grade 4 (FPG >500 mg/dL) hyperglycemia were reported in 33% and 3.9% of patients, respectively. Ketoacidosis was reported in 0.7% of patients (n=2) treated with PIQRAY.
Before initiating treatment with PIQRAY, test fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, and optimize blood glucose. After initiating treatment, monitor fasting glucose (FPG or fasting blood glucose) at least once every week for the first 2 weeks, then at least once every 4 weeks, and as clinically indicated. Monitor HbA1c every 3 months and as clinically indicated. Monitor fasting glucose more frequently for the first few weeks during treatment in patients with risk factors for hyperglycemia such as obesity (BMI ≥30), elevated FPG, HbA1c at the upper limit of normal or above, use of concomitant systemic corticosteroids, or age ≥75.
If a patient experiences hyperglycemia after initiating treatment, monitor fasting glucose as clinically indicated, and at least twice weekly until fasting glucose decreases to normal levels. During treatment with anti-hyperglycemic medication, continue monitoring fasting glucose at least once a week for 8 weeks, followed by once every 2 weeks and as clinically indicated. Consider consultation with a health care practitioner with expertise in the treatment of hyperglycemia and counsel patients on lifestyle changes.
The safety of PIQRAY in patients with type 1 and uncontrolled type 2 diabetes has not been established as these patients were excluded from the SOLAR-1 trial. Patients with a medical history of controlled type 2 diabetes were included. Patients with a history of diabetes mellitus may require intensified diabetic treatment. Closely monitor patients with diabetes.
Based on the severity of the hyperglycemia, PIQRAY may require dose interruption, reduction, or discontinuation. Advise patients of the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia (eg, excessive thirst, urinating more often than usual or higher amount of urine than usual, or increased appetite with weight loss).
Pneumonitis: Severe pneumonitis, including acute interstitial pneumonitis and interstitial lung disease, can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. Pneumonitis was reported in 1.8% of patients treated with PIQRAY.
In patients who have new or worsening respiratory symptoms or are suspected to have developed pneumonitis, interrupt PIQRAY immediately and evaluate the patient for pneumonitis. Consider a diagnosis of noninfectious pneumonitis in patients presenting with nonspecific respiratory signs and symptoms such as hypoxia, cough, dyspnea, or interstitial infiltrates on radiologic exams and in whom infectious, neoplastic, and other causes have been excluded by means of appropriate investigations.
Permanently discontinue PIQRAY in all patients with confirmed pneumonitis. Advise patients to immediately report new or worsening respiratory symptoms.
Diarrhea: Severe diarrhea, including dehydration and acute kidney injury, can occur in patients treated with PIQRAY. Most patients (58%) experienced diarrhea during treatment with PIQRAY. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 7% (n=19) of patients. Based on the severity of the diarrhea, PIQRAY may require dose interruption, reduction, or discontinuation. Advise patients to start antidiarrheal treatment, increase oral fluids, and notify their health care provider if diarrhea occurs while taking PIQRAY.
Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Based on findings in animals and its mechanism of action, PIQRAY can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with PIQRAY and for 1 week after the last dose. Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use condoms and effective contraception during treatment with PIQRAY and for 1 week after the last dose. Refer to the full Prescribing Information of fulvestrant for pregnancy and contraception information.
The most common adverse reactions (all grades, incidence ≥20%) were diarrhea (58%), rash (52%), nausea (45%), fatigue (42%), decreased appetite (36%), stomatitis (30%), vomiting (27%), weight decreased (27%), and alopecia (20%). The most common grade 3/4 adverse reactions (incidence ≥2%) were rash (20%), diarrhea (7%), fatigue (5%), weight decreased (3.9%), nausea (2.5%), stomatitis (2.5%), and mucosal inflammation (2.1%).
The most common laboratory abnormalities (all grades, incidence ≥20%) were glucose increased (79%), creatinine increased (67%), lymphocyte count decreased (52%), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) increased (52%), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased (44%), hemoglobin decreased (42%), lipase increased (42%), calcium decreased (27%), glucose decreased (26%), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prolonged (21%). The most common grade 3/4 laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥5%) were glucose increased (39%), GGT increased (11%), lymphocyte count decreased (8%), lipase increased (7%), and potassium decreased (6%).
Please see full Prescribing Information.